Line to Line Fault Definition, Fault Current Calculation
What are the points to be covered?
- What is line to line fault?
- How line to line fault occurs?
- Fault current in line to line fault.
- Calculate line to line fault current.
What is Meant by Line to Line Fault ?
When two conductors of a 3 phase system are short circuited line to line fault or unsymmetrical fault occurs.This fault is severe compared to symmetrical faults in power system.In order to safeguard power system network analysis of unsymmetrical faults (in this case line to line fault) must be done.
Fault Current Calculation in Line to Line Fault
Consider a 3-phase system with an earthed neutral.Assume a line-to-line fault between the blue (B) and yellow (Y) lines as shown in figure The conditions created by this fault lead to :
Take above result as equation (ii)
Note :: From above steps it is clear that the line-to-line fault the zero sequence component of current I0 is equal to zero in line to line fault.
Fault Current in Line-to-Line Fault: Examination of exp. (i) and exp (ii) reveals that sequence impedance should be connected as shown in above figure.It is clear from the figure that :