Three Phase System AdvantagesIn modern power generation, transportation, distribution we use poly-phase system over single phase system.In poly-phase AC system it might be two , three or more individual circuits, operate at same frequency, their voltages and currents are out of phase from one another.But when it comes to practical scenario three phase system considered as poly-phase system.It is most reliable and efficient compared to all poly phase systems.Single phase system has some limitations and drawbacks so it's been replaced by three-phase system.Here we listed out major reasons why 3 phase/poly-phase system is better than single phase system.
Advantages of polyphase systems over single phase systems are1. A polyphase/3 phase transmission line requires less conductor material than a single phase line for transmitting the same amount power at the same voltage.
2. For a given frame size a polyphase/3 phase machine gives a higher output than a single-phase machine. For example output of a 3-phase motor is 1.5 times the output of single-phase motor of same size.
3. Polyphase/3 phase motors have a uniform torque where most of the single-phase motors have a pulsating torque.
4. Polyphase/3 phase induction motors are self-starting and are more efficient. On the other hand single-phase induction motors are not self-starting and are less efficient.
6. Per unit of output. the polyphase/3 phase machine is very much cheaper.
7. Power factor of a single-phase motor is lower than that of polyphase motor of the same rating.
8. Rotating field can be set up by passing polyphase current through stationary coils.
9. Parallel operation of polypahse alternators is simple as compared to that of single-phase alternators because of pulsating reaction in single-phase alternator.
It has been found that the above advantages are best realized in the case of three-phase systems.Consequently, the electric power is generated and transmitted in the form of three-phase system.
Final Points :
disadvantages of three phase system
advantages of 3 phase system pdf
disadvantages of three phase supply
why is 3 phase power more efficient
difference between single phase and three phase supply pdf
advantages and disadvantages of single phase transformer
necessity of three phase system